What Is Athleticism? | The Ten Components Of Complete Athleticism [2019 Edition]
Before we get into What is Athleticism, I want to recommend the most comprehensive guide on how to maximize your cardiovascular system: My new book Maximum Aerobic Power.
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[Summary] What Is Athleticism?
Athleticism is formed by ten key components that make up balanced physical fitness, or what we refer to as complete athleticism. They are strength, speed, power, agility, anaerobic capacity, aerobic capacity, mobility, balance and coordination, mental resilience, and stability.
A Story That People Over Thirty Can Relate To
It was late September, back in 2016. I was living in Melbourne, Australia, and it was the start of spring. The weather was turning, and the days were starting to get longer. Little did I know at the time that this was the month that would change my whole life and business forever.
It was a Sunday morning, the sun was out, and my girlfriend at the time, Vickie, asked if I wanted to go for a run and then grab a coffee with her and her sister. I immediately said yes. I didn’t think anything of it. It’s something I always USED to do.
But this time around, I hadn’t been for a run in a long time. In fact, a VERY long time. Six long years to be exact.Can you name the ten components of complete athleticism?Click To Tweet
Running had always been a part of my life. Growing up in the mountains in Wales, playing soccer, rugby and cricket was something that had always been a part of my life. I didn’t think anything of it.
But this time, I was 34 years old. I hadn’t run for close to six years because I had gone deep into the traditional powerlifting, strength-only style workouts that my mentors, friends, peers, and colleagues were advocating. “
You need to keep getting stronger. Strength is the primary quality. Just focus on that,” they said.
And I did. I really enjoyed it, too, at that time. Until I left the house for that run…
One of the Most Embarrassing Moments of My Life
We left the house and began to run. We headed down towards the beach. Vickie and Leanne led the way, and I slotted in behind.
After the first minute, I could no longer hold a conversation with them. At minute two, I had to ask them to slow down so I could keep up. At minute three, I had to stop and walk.
It was at that point that I looked at two people who I knew very well. They were staring at me, wondering what the hell was going on. It was the look that said, “James, you’re a fitness professional. What is wrong with you?”
I was embarrassed. I was a trained professional, but I couldn’t run for three minutes at a relatively moderate intensity.
I told them both to continue on without me and I’d catch up with them at the coffee shop. It took me close to 90 minutes to catch up with them. By the time I reached them, they had already finished their coffees.
I didn’t even get a chance to get my coffee as we had to leave for a family event.
It was the most demoralizing, embarrassing workout I had ever done, and it was a big wake up call for me.
It made me look at my training from a completely different perspective, and with a fresh set of eyes, I added a walk/run protocol into my weekly workload.
I was determined never to feel like that ever again.
Another Embarrassing Moment of Discovery
A few weeks later, around mid to late October, another chance conversation led me to consider a return to cricket—a dream of mine that had been dashed due to a shoulder injury.
I had been running for a few weeks now and I was feeling good. I thought, why not?
So, I went to the Tuesday night practice session, a mere six years after I had last played, which coincidentally was when I became serious about weight training and stopped running.
Looking back, I have no idea why I stopped playing cricket. It was such a big part of my life growing up. Thankfully, it is once again a big part of my life. I can’t explain it, but what I do know is that I’ll never be able to get that time back. It may just be one of my few regrets in life.
For those of you unfamiliar with cricket, there is a long-standing rivalry between England and Australia. We’re the old enemies. So, for a “Pom” as the Aussies like to call us, turning up to play with the Australians is kind of a big deal, particularly when I had a reputation coming into practice, one perpetuated by a friend who I had played with for many, many years.
Once again, it was another moment of sheer embarrassment. It was like I had never played the game in my life. I couldn’t hit or catch the ball, and my bowling was all over the place. Much to the Aussies delight, the fast bowlers kept bowling short at me, and it kept hitting me.
(Video: James Breese, summer 2018 working on spin bowling technique)
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The importance of having a coach for anything cannot but under estimated. Huge thanks to @robinvarley for his help and commitment the last 10 days working on my run up, front arm and back arm positions. Come a long way in the last 10 days and something to work on over the winter. #cricket #legspin #googly #thanks
I woke up the next day, and I was black and blue from the bruises. I hurt all over and felt like I had been run over by a bus.
Demoralized and embarrassed, and with my ego shot to pieces, I wasn’t deterred. In fact, it motivated me beyond belief, and I began to self-reflect and try to work out logically what was going on.
Now, I hadn’t played for a number of years, so I was rusty. It was similar to the running experience, but it was more than that. Much more.
It came down to the simple fact that I was no longer athletic. I thought I was in my training, but I wasn’t.
I was strong but lacked any cardiovascular fitness. I was stiff and immobile. I wasn’t agile, and my balance and co-ordination was all over the place. I was decidedly un-athletic.
I needed to become athletic again.
I began to research everything I could about how to turn an aging athlete back into a lean, mean fighting machine.
What Is Athleticism?
With a professional fitness head firmly on my shoulders—not an emotional one—I began to look at this question from a logical standpoint. Call it the Computer Science Master’s Geek coming out in me.
In order to become athletic, I needed to define athleticism and determine its key components and characteristics.
It’s an extremely objective word that means different things to different people. I needed to stay objective. I needed something tangible to work with, something that everybody could agree on.
Initially, I turned to Dr. Google, and here’s what it came up with:
ath·let·i·cism noun. the physical qualities that are characteristic of athletes, such as strength, fitness, and agility. “What he lacks in stature, he more than makes up for with speed and athleticism.”
I’ll be honest. This didn’t really help much. There was nothing tangible I could use. There was nothing specific I could take away. After weeks of searching for an answer, I finally realized that I had to take matters into my own hands.
I presented to the team the seven components of complete athleticism, based on the original work of strength and conditioning expert Tudor Bompa. And so, it began—the hours, weeks, and months of endless debate and discussion.
We finally agreed on athleticism as having ten key components.The Ten Components of Complete AthleticismClick To Tweet
The Ten Components of Complete Athleticism [2019 Edition]
[2019 Update Remark] In the original list of ten, we included cardiovascular capacity and endurance. After further experience and professional discussion, we decided it was no longer applicable to our system of training. They were essentially the same thing. Aerobic capacity includes aerobic endurance. Anaerobic capacity is a very different kettle of fish and needs to be implemented very differently.
- Strength – the ability to create force
- Speed – the ability to minimize the time cycle of a given movement
- Power – the ability to create maximal force in minimal time
- Mental Resilience – the ability to push yourself out of your comfort zone
- Aerobic Capacity – the maximal amount of physiological work that an individual can do as measured by oxygen consumption
- Anaerobic Capacity – the maximal work performed during maximum-intensity short term physical effort
- Balance & Coordination – the ability to perform movements with precision and grace
- Agility – the ability to be nimble on your feet and move quickly from one movement pattern to another
- Stability – the ability to prevent movement in one part of the body while creating movement in another, thus protecting vulnerable areas
- Mobility – flexibility in motion, the range of motion through muscles and joints
Once we had defined all ten components of athleticism, I actually thought we had put the entire debate to rest.
I couldn’t have been more wrong.
We had a further six months of debate and analysis because we had a number of questions that needed to be answered:
- Which component is the most important?
- How do we assess each of the ten components?
- What are the standards for each component?
- How do we address the ten components in workouts and training plans?
The list just grew and grew.
And that’s how the Strength Matters Hierarchy of Athletic Development was created. It was designed to provide order, logic, and structure to the ten components of complete athleticism.
The Strength Matters Hierarchy of Athletic Development
After defining athleticism’s ten key components, we set about prioritizing them in order of need. But this had a number of limitations. It simply wouldn’t work that way. We couldn’t order them from one to ten.
We had to group them together. They were all equally important.
We looked at this process through the lens of building a house. A house needs solid foundations before you can build the structure and before you can apply the finishing touches.
We created three layers of fitness – Layer 1, Layer 2, and Layer 3, and we grouped certain components together. We all agreed that we needed competency in key areas prior to others.
Balanced Fitness and Athleticism
Our vision of balanced fitness and athleticism began to take shape, and the Hierarchy of Athletic Development was born.
As you can see, Layer 1 is the foundation of the system. We need a base level of mobility, stability and balance, and coordination first. It’s the foundation of the house. If we’re deficient in these areas, we believe progress will be slow and the risk of injury heightened.
Layer 2 is foundational strength and aerobic capacity. Once we have our Layer 1 base, we start to layer it with basic strength and aerobic capacity work. This becomes the springboard to make the leap to Layer 2.
Layer 3 is the sexy layer. It’s an advanced athlete territory. It’s the layer everyone wants to jump to. It includes power, speed, agility, and anaerobic work (HIIT), but it’s also the layer that comes with the most risk. If you’re deficient in any of the components in Layer 1 and Layer 2, it will show up here. This means that injury is more likely or athletic performance is being hindered or jeopardized.
We decided collectively that mental resilience should be an overarching theme. It’s important for all parts of life and athletic endeavors. Such was its importance, it needed this overarching theme.
The Strength Matters Hierarchy of Athletic Development quickly became a system and a tool for us to identify areas of weakness in fitness that needed to be addressed. It became a system that allowed us to highlight the need to train our weaknesses.
It was a system that left nothing to chance. A system to help athletes reach maximum physical potential. A system to help everyday people reduce the risk and likelihood of injury. A system for people to know exactly what their weaknesses were and how they should train them.
But more importantly, and selfishly, a system that would help this aging athlete over thirty reclaim his athletic body.The Hierarchy of Athletic Development quickly became a system and a tool for us to identify areas of weakness in fitness that needed to be addressed. Click To Tweet
Hindsight Is a Wonderful Thing
I will always be thankful for that moment running with Vickie and Leanne in Melbourne. I will always be thankful for that day I went to cricket practice in Melbourne and got taken apart by the quick bowlers.
They are probably the most pivotal points in my athletic career as an aging athlete.
Fast forward three years, and I’m fitter, stronger, and more mobile than I ever was before. I’m back to feeling like an athlete again, but it wasn’t an easy path. It’s taken a lot of hard work, and trial and error. It’s given me hope. It’s given me the ability to ski and snowboard, days and weeks at a time. It’s given me the ability to play cricket again at a competitive standard.
Before that run in Melbourne, I thought I was physically athletic. I foolishly didn’t consider that I possessed any weaknesses. I foolishly didn’t consider the key components that comprised complete athleticism and balanced fitness.
I thought strength training, and strength training alone was the answer.
The worrying thing was that I had ignored the warning signs. I had just carried on, as usual, thinking these things were normal when lifting heavy weights:
- I couldn’t walk up a flight of stairs without getting out of breath.
- My body fat % continued to increase, and I didn’t care.
- Getting out of bed in the morning was becoming harder because I was becoming more stiff and rigid. I assumed this was old age.
- I had to see a chiropractor or physical therapist far more regularly, just to get rid of the pain.
The list could go on, but these are the things that I think back on now. What was I doing?
I personally focused on Layer 3 work. For six years, I did all power work and not much else. Speed, agility, and aerobic work were non-existent. Mobility, stability, and balance were an afterthought.
And in terms of strength, I never went over 5 reps. Where was the muscular endurance and strength endurance work?
I wasn’t as elite as I thought I was. I came back to earth with a big thud. And I’m so glad that I did; otherwise, I think my forties, fifties, and sixties would have been very sad times for my aging athletic development.
We’ve defined athleticism as having ten key components and introduced you to the Strength Matters Hierarchy of Athletic Development.
When it comes to our own athletic development, we need to remain objective and look at our own fitness and athleticism through a clear, unbiased lens. We believe that this hierarchy and system allows us to remain objective at all times.
It gives us a framework to make better decisions about what we need to address first.
It’s a system that allows us to focus on our weaknesses. A system that prioritizes the body as one single organism, and it emphasizes the fact that you’re only as strong as your weakest link.
We can assure you that following this system will lift your performance to dizzying new heights in all the activities you value the most.
Failure to acknowledge your weakest components will lead to life-changing injuries and everlasting weakness.
Heed my mistakes. Life as an everyday athlete, one who has balanced athleticism, is far more fun and enjoying.
Don’t make the same mistakes I made.
Until next time.
Every Journey Begins With a Single Step
In every great movie, the hero embarks on a path that promises adventure, challenges, and finally, achievement. Often, the hero finds a guide that takes the hero under their wing and pushes him or her to the limit. Just think, where would Luke be without Yoda? We are the stars of our own movies. And we all need that guide.
When it comes to fitness, a coach can be your guide to movie hero-type success, and your secret weapon. There are so many benefits to having a personal coach. I would go so far as to say that coaching is a prerequisite for achievement. Period.
Applying the Strength Matters System of Athletic Development to achieve a pain-free athletic lifestyle won’t be easy but it’s guaranteed to work if you follow it. And we’re here to guide you every step of the way.
Are you ready to take that first step?
Life’s better as an everyday athlete. ~ James Breese
[2018 Video: Link to the 2018 explanation of Athleticism]